HTFSE – What are High Terpene Full Spectrum Extracts?
It seems as though there are more cannabis abbreviations added to the list every day, including well-known examples, like CBD and THC, as well as lesser-known terms, such as HTFSE
In this guide to high terpene full-spectrum extract (HTFSE) you’ll learn all you need to know about this distinct and specialized cannabis concentrate group. We’ll explore the major types of HTFSE and why they are so popular.
Or, suppose you’re looking to gain a deeper understanding of the vast assortment of cannabis products available on the market after already discovering dried flower, cannabis oil, and concentrates.
In that case, there are multiple factors of HTFSE that set them apart from the rest.
Let’s discover what they are, together!
What is HTFSE?
HTFSE stands for high terpene full spectrum extract. However, this product is also known colloquially known as ‘terp sauce.’
These full-spectrum extracts are potent, and many users appreciate them for their complex fragrance and flavour profile. The aroma comes from the high concentration of cannabis plant terpenes found inside, in the range of 60% or more.
High terpene full-spectrum extracts will share a similar appearance to apple sauce but with tiny floating crystals that look like sugar granules. These sugar-like crystals are granules of THCA, which convert to THC when exposed to heat through a process known as decarboxylation.
The syrup-like sauce contains a complex assortment of terpenes. Due to the filtration process, HTFSE products come with no unnecessary plant matter, such as waxes and lipids. As such, HTFSE contains all the desirable compounds of cannabis with none of the excess plant matter.
There is a wide range of terp sauce extracts available to consumers currently on the market. The superior options amongst this selection are full-spectrum extracts containing an abundance of cannabinoids as well as terpenes.
What’s Unique About HTFSE?
Generally, high terpene full-spectrum extracts will possess roughly 40% THC. That said, you can expect to find at least 13% terpenes and around 40% THC in HTFSE if made appropriately.
Compared to other cannabis concentrates, such as shatter, wax, and budder, HTFSE contains considerably more terpenes.
While shatters, waxes, and budders may contain a higher cannabinoid content than HTSFE, the 40% THC content is more than sufficient for most consumers.
In fact, this potent product requires additional caution from consumers. Adverse events can occur from the over-consumption of THC. The THC potency tends to be higher with HTFSE than extracts such as dry sift and hash.
In other words, less is more when it comes to cannabis concentrates.
What draws many medical cannabis users to HTFSE is that it poses an alternative method of ingesting THC without inhaling excess plant matter from more traditional consumption methods such as smoking.
Types of HTFSE
There are several different versions of high terpene full-spectrum extract – HTFSE. The most common version has already been mentioned, terp sauce, but there are also live resin extracts.
We’ll discuss both in detail below to clearly outline how to differentiate between these modern extracts – HTFSE, live resin, and more.
Live resin is a unique extract that uses freshly harvested cannabis flowers. with no drying or curing performed. This fresh plant matter is quickly flash-frozen to preserve the extract’s terpene and cannabinoid profile.
This plant matter is combined with a solvent, most commonly butane, and processed. The cannabinoids (primarily THC and CBD) and terpenes are extracted while plant material, including leaves, waxes, and lipids, are removed.
Due to its production process, live resin has an aroma and flavour that’s uniquely its own. The flash-freezing process preserves more of the plant’s original terpene and cannabinoid profile, replicating an experience that comes as close as possible to fresh cannabis.
Terp sauce is the most common extract that falls under the HTFSE category. As noted, this extract contains a terpene-filled syrup and tiny THCA crystals. It is the combination of these that creates this potent and aromatic full-spectrum extract.
Terp sauce often comes in shades of golden brown to bright yellow. The THCA crystals are transparent and resemble small granules of sugar.
Producers of HTFSE typically use solvents like butane, ethanol, and CO2 to extract the cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant..
Once extracted, the terpene-filled liquid is stored in a cool place for several weeks of curing. This phase is called ‘diamond mining,’ and occurs when the THCA crystals separate from the watery liquid.
After, the mixture is isolated and purged separately, as the terpenes require different timeframes than the cannabinoids. The substances are then recombined to produce HTFSE or sold separately as distinct products.
HTFSE – A Full-Spectrum Potent Package
Arguably the key component to highlight in high terpene full-spectrum extracts is in the name – terpenes.
These tiny features may not seem all that important, but they provide a vital element to the overall desired effects of cannabis that make it much more comprehensive.
Many users appreciate HTFSE products for this exact reason. They supply an all-inclusive selection of ingredients, including all the cannabinoids and terpenes present in the starting plant material, to provide a diverse range of aromas and flavours without sacrificing potency.